No matter what type of essay you are writing, grammar, punctuation, and style should be impeccable. Such writing mistakes can leave a bad impression upon the reader and let all your hard work go to waste for
Other than allowing for the appropriate pause in the sentences commas perform the important task of separating the introductory phrases from the main clause for ‘
Without checking for the traffic, Tom crossed the road.
Commas are also used to contain non-restrictive clauses.
My red bag, which had my laptop in it, was stolen yesterday.
Semicolons serve the purpose of connecting two independent clauses that are related to each other. If replaced by a full stop the structure will be fine but there will be no indication regarding how the second clause supports the first or both the clauses have a running theme for
The people of New York are always in a rush; their work follows them around everywhere.
Colons have a variety of applications too. A colon can indicate a list that is to follow, which is its most common use. It can also indicate a quote that is to follow by
You also see a colon when the passage before is leading to a final word or a punchline. The first sentence (an independent clause), emphasizes the second. The sentence that comes after the colon will have the first letter of its first word capitalized if it’s a pronoun or if the sentence is an independent clause.
Em Dashes are not considered formal and are therefore sparsely used. However, they are useful even in formal writing when you have already used commas in the sentence and need punctuation to separate yet another phrase. The em dash--written using two hyphens--can also be used in places where a colon is being used to emphasize a sentence or clause that follows in ‘
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